From the Half a dozen Sigma top quality methodology, procedure performance are reported on the organization just like the a beneficial sigma peak. The greater the fresh sigma level, the better the process is starting.
Another way to report process capability and process performance is through the statistical measurements of Cp, Cpk, Pp, and . This article will present definitions, interpretations and calculations for Cpk and though the use of forum quotations. Thanks to everyone below that helped contributed to this excellent reference.
A simple and easy straightforward signal out of processes effectiveness
Definitions Cp= Process Capability. Cpk= Process Capability Index. Adjustment of Cp for the effect of non-centered distribution. Pp= Process Performance. A simple and straightforward indicator of process performance. = Process Performance Index. Adjustment of Pp for the effect of non-centered distribution.
Interpreting Cp, Cpk “Cpk is an index (a simple number) which measures how close a process is running to its specification limits, relative to the natural variability of the process. The larger the index, the less likely it is that any item will be outside the specs.” Neil Polhemus
“If you hunt our shoot targets with bow, darts, or gun try this analogy. If your shots are falling in the same spot forming a good group this is a high Cp, and when the sighting is adjusted so this tight group of shots is landing on the bullseye, you now have a high Cpk.” Tommy
“Cpk measures how close you are to your target and how consistent you are to around your average performance. A person may be performing with minimum variation, but he can be away from his target towards one of the specification limit, which indicates lower Cpk, whereas Cp will be high. On the other hand, a person may be on average exactly at the target, but the variation in performance is high (but still lower than the tolerance band (i.e., specification interval).Read More »Process Features (Cp, Cpk) and you may Procedure Show (Pp, Ppk) – What’s the Difference?